Łaciński językowo-kulturowy obraz DOMU wybrane aspekty
The Latin lingual and cultural image of HOME selected aspects
The authors of the article use research tools typical of cognitive ethnolinguistics in order to reconstruct the Latin lingual and cultural image of HOME domus romana. As a material base, they use predominantly the following language data: system-based etymology and different meanings ascribed to the Latin lexeme domus, synonyms and antonyms, collocations, etc. and text-based texts that are examples of the artistic and professional discourse. On the basis of the analysis carried out they separate the basic dimensions of the Roman HOME conceptualization, such as: physical home as a place, structure, social familia romana, functional and cultural whose common ground is the idea of residence. Bearing in mind the complexity of the gathered language material the authors separate the following base profiles for the representation of HOME: material home as a structure, patriarchal home as a family seat, institutional home as a seat for public institutions, and finally cultural axiological and sacred — home as a treasury with values and a place of religious adoration. Understanding of the concept of HOME in ancient times described in this article allows the authors to portray the conceptualization of this phenomenon as a multidimensional reality relating to various aspects of ancient Romans’ lives.