The role of paper embedded security features in eﬀective border control
Security documents are crucial types of documents, whose authenticity is genuine and cannot be counterfeited. For diﬀerent types of security documents, a security paper is used, which possesses the property of being impenetrable to mileage, high temperature with unequivocal GSM, haziness, and thickness. This makes it sensible for merging the security features that make it diﬀerent from normal paper. The commonly used substrate for any security document manufacturing is either plastic or paper. The process of manufacturing a security document begins with paper manufacturing by mechanical and chemical processing of wood pulp, and the security elements are incorporated in the further processing stages. The raw material used is mainly pure cotton ﬁber-based cellulose mixed with titanium oxide. The major security features include security threads, ﬁbers, planchettes, and water marks which play a critical role in keeping up the uprightness of the security record for a fruitful edge control. Identity theft as well as deceitful utilization of personality and travel reports are the fundamental dangers confronting the control at international borders, while checking the legitimacy of the travelers’ character records assumes an essential job in guaranteeing the eﬀectiveness of fringe control.