Góry w ujęciu transcendentnym
A TRANSCENDENTAL APPROACH TO THE MOUTAINS
In the history of culture and religion the mountains, owing to their verticality that makes them stand out in landscape, their massiveness and imperturbability, generated, from time immemorial, a lot of interest associated with their origin; they played an important role in beliefs, mythology, cult and symbolism. On their summit, sometimes also inside them, were located dwellings of supranatural creatures of varied provenance, character, activity and attitude to people. The mountains were also hierophantic, objects of pilgrimages and experiencing the sacred. In addition, they constituted a boundary between the ecumene and anecumene as well as the place where the spirit world was to be found. Sometimes the mountains were also regarded as a home of evil creatures and forces.