Freedoms of expression, political extremism and seditious speech in the United States Supreme Court’s jurisprudence (Part II)
The article constitutes the second part of a series devoted to analyzing the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of the United States with respect to the First Amendment’s guarantee of freedom of expression and politically extremist speech. The author discusses the seminal case of Schenck v. United States wherein Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes established the famous “clear and present danger” standard as a means to determine the constitutionality of legislation pertaining to speech. The test allowed for criminalization of expression which had been deemed to cause such a peril. The article analyzes the original meaning of the standard, pointing out its speech-restrictive impact.