Psychologiczne i językowe uprzedmiotowienie obcych stereotypizacja i dehumanizacja wrogów
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC OBJECTIFICATION OF ENEMIES STEREOTYPIZATION AND DEHUMANIZATION OF ENEMIES
This article presents the most important manifestations of negative stereotyping, that is, the dehumanization of enemies. Many cognitive and linguistic characteristics of this phenomenon are usually elusive to the participants of social life, so underlying psychological mechanisms are identified too late. This makes it extremely difficult to effectively eliminate them. The aim of the article is, firstly, to present key empirically verified cognitive and linguistic strategies responsible for stereotypization of social subjects. Secondly, the explication of the fact that the subtle form of dehumanization, which is negative stereotyping, contains sufficient and very strong grounds for carrying out acts of explicit discrimination, and in some circumstances, even extermination.